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SANT SERNI DE TAVÈRNOLES AND THE BRANCH OF THE SAINT JAMES PATH BY THE VALIRA RIVER VALLEYS

In our studies on the Andorran St. James path, always we take advantage of the excellent bibliographic data and, sometimes, partially extracted from an article published in 2008 in the journal Portaveu del Segre Mitjà, Ponts, by professor and historian Mr.Manuel Gabriel Fons, with collaboration of Mr. Francisco Alcázar Domingo, ex-president of the deleted Association of Friends of the St.James Path for the Segre, also of that population of Ponts. We say, then, that these data mentioned are one of the sources of this paper.


 Let's also say that for some current researchers, called the Catalan St. James path is just a pipe dream; this, however, is to do justice to the historical reality. In fact, we should speak of a network of roads and pathways which, although they are not attributed a particularly Jacobean function, the truth is that were traveled by pilgrims from the tenth century, and that during the Middle Ages They were the only possible ways to reach Santiago de Compostela.

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MONASTICISM IN LLORDÀ

Because of my works on the history of the Priory of Covet (PJ) and the monastery of St. Sadurní de Tavèrnoles (AU), asking me to make an approach to the possible links between high monastery of Urgell mentioned and the monastic community of Sant Sadurní de Castell-Llordà. (=Saint Saturnine of Llordà Castle).


Tavèrnoles receives between 912 and 914 of the count Seniofred and the bishop Nantigis, several churches and monasteries: these are the monasteries of St. Vicent d’Isona, St. Martí d’Albet, Sant Martí de Bescaran, Sant Esteve d’Umfret, Sant Sadurní Aganense, Sant Jaume d’Engordany and Sant Andreu de Castellbò (or Tresponts before named also Sant Iscle de Sentelles), in the past instituted under the Benedictine rule and now demolished and abandoned, to restore monastic life, redo buildings and beware of their heritage. The bishops Nantigis d’Urgell and Adolf de Ribagorça and the Count Seniofred along with many nobles, clergy and religious County Urgell give their freeholds, tithes and first fruits, parishes and underlying villas in the monastery of Sant Sadurní and it was Baldric abbot.
This territorial reform in favor of Sant Sadurní could be related to the consolidation of branch pilgrimage, from Foix, passed through Tavèrnoles and Anserall and Sant Esteve del Pont splicing the main trunk of the Saint James path of Segre. The same happens in some of the subsequent donations received by the monastery and covering the route of the Andorran road to Santiago de Compostela.
Recall that this Jacobean branch of Segre, before the Christian conquest of Balaguer, reaching to Nargó, Bòixols, Isona, Conques, etc., to Ager and Huesca connected by land with the stretch coming from France and went to Compostela. Remember also that this was an area facing the Andalusian Brand occupants.

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